What is a .NET developer?
What is .NET technology about and what is .NET consulting?
.NET (previously known as .NET Core) is an open-source IT implementation platform, while .NET Framework is a twin technology developed by Microsoft in the early 2000s (the first release is dated February 13, 2002, and .NET was released in 2016). Like its predecessor, .NET includes a set of specialized programming libraries that allow .NET Developers to write, as well as run and test programs created in this architecture.
The .NET improves functional areas such as:
· Managed Extensibility Framework,
· Windows Communication Foundation,
· Windows Workflow Foundation and Windows Identity Foundation.
Thanks to the high-level compilers built into the service (including C #, C ++ / CLI, F # and Visual Basic), it allows you to create both multi-platform desktop software for systems with Windows, Linux, macOS, as well as universal, back-end web applications or extensive services (based, for example, on cloud computing), using .NET services, which can be used on any device.
The .NET source code, unlike the .NET Framework, is open and generally available to everyone, so independent .NET developers can create their own tools by using original components and libraries patented by Microsoft or modify existing ones and share them with other users basing on the open-source license. The built-in NuGet package manager is equipped with about 90,000 of them, making it easy to implement the application on any system.
What’s more, .NET technology is also used in the gamedev industry – it is used to create complex 2D and 3D graphics engines (.NET frameworks are used by, for example, CryEngine, Godot or Unity) and software for devices using augmented reality technology (VR). If it wasn’t enough, CRM IT systems are based on .NET services, supporting communication processes at the customer-organization interface. They are also important in the development of the IoT (Internet of Things) Gateway, IoT Maintenance services, data analysis and the creation of an application programming interface (API).
It should be underlined that .NET is not only a functional IT platform but also an idea based on the belief that the Internet is a very important, if not the most important, source of communication between various devices – both stationary and mobile. .NET technology provides tools necessary to implement this idea, enabling the development of multi-platform applications that ensure efficient, fast and secure information exchange between various IT systems in the network.
The most important sectors of the economy using the Microsoft platform include:
- medical specialist services
- public services,
- non-profit organizations,
- real estate,
- financial services.
In the process of implementing extensive software for private enterprises, .NET consulting is crucial. Specialists working as a .NET consultant mainly deal with professional consulting but also designing and implementing advanced solutions (both in terms of front-end and back-end), which will be the most effective and best suited to the client’s application and business requirements.
The consultants are in constant contact with the team of developers who create the source code and test the software. Those who work in .NET consulting should have additional competences in the field of programming practices as well as Agile and Scrum methodology as it is key to know how the Microsoft platform operates.
Who is .NET developer?
A person employed as .NET developer is responsible for developing and supporting applications created in the .NET architecture. It includes taking care of the quality of the code and its proper operation, as well as eliminating potential errors. Depending on the employee’s experience, the scope of his duties may include:
- implementation of front- and / or backend solutions,
- cooperation with consultants and testers,
- creating new and supporting existing applications,
- preparation of extensive technical documentation,
- database design and optimization.
.NET developer job offers often requires C# language proficiency and knowing at least one development environment included in the .NET platform. For years, the most popular of them has been Visual Studio Code – according to data from the StackOverflow website, in 2019 it was used by over 51% of the surveyed programmers (with a sample of 87,317), and Visual Studio (31% of respondents).
A candidate should know English to a degree that allows easy communication, reading, analysis and preparation of technical documentation, be diligent, well-organized an focused on cooperation with a multi-person team, which includes .NET consultants and .NET engineers.
It’s no secret that the earnings of a .NET developer depend mostly on his professional experience but also on the location and type of work.
A person with shorter experience can count on being employed as Junior .NET Developer, while an experienced employee, with both soft and hard skills, will easily find work in a large enterprise as Senior .NET Developer.
Junior .NET Developer - responsibilities, requirements, and earnings
A novice Junior .NET Developer, who is just developing his skills, is expected to have higher education (IT), fluent English, good knowledge of C# programming language, SQL database structure and Microsoft technology. Desirable features are also the ability to analyze technical documentation and work under time pressure, as well as openness to learning new IT tools and solutions.
According to the latest data from daxx.com, in Sweden, a person employed in this position under a full-time employment contract can count on a salary of 360,000 Swedish kronor (SEK) per year, which is the equivalent of 41,000. US dollars or 35,000 euro.
For comparison, the median of the pay gap in the same position in Poland is between 5,500 zlotys to 8,000 zlotys (~1200-1750 euro) depending on the type of contract (UoP, B2B) and location (Warsaw is the most attractive in this respect, followed by Wrocław, Gdańsk, and Kraków). As many as 54% of .NET programmers work within B2B, while 44% work under an employment contract. More and more candidates for this position pay attention to the possibility of remote work, which guarantees greater flexibility and freedom.
In order to be promoted and thus to climb the corporate ladder to the level of a middle specialist, one usually needs only 3 years of work experience. Of course, it must be confirmed in a portfolio that includes all projects completed so far. During the promotion, not only hard skills, that is practical, but also soft skills will be taken into consideration. The latter involve time management and getting on with a multi-person team of colleagues.
Senior .NET Developer - desired qualities, skills, and earnings
A person thinking of being employed in the position of Senior .NET Developer should have a university degree and at least five years of experience in working with Microsoft architecture supported by a portfolio. The ideal candidate profile includes comprehensive IT knowledge and object-oriented programming practices, expert knowledge of C #, ASP.NET MVC (or ASP.NET Core) and the Visual Studio environment, as well as knowledge related to relational databases and T-SQL (MS SQL).
Communicative oral and written English language is obligatory since Senior .NET Developer is supposed to create and analyze documentation, as well as work in an international team, or even sometimes managing it. Senior .NET Developer is frequently employed in large corporations as a full-stack specialist who should be competent in the field of not only .NET services but also front- and back-end programming languages.
The responsibilities of a senior .NET specialist include.:
- programming of internet applications of high quality and security
- implementation of the highest quality technological and design improvements in accordance with current trends,
- development and maintenance of existing applications,
- creating extensive technical documentation and reporting working time,
- building and maintaining relationships with the development team and clients.
A person employed in this
position can boast about a very attractive salary which depends on his experience, location of a company, and a type of contract. In Sweden, the average annual salary of a senior specialist is SEK 551,000, which is about 61,000 US dollars or 52,000 euro. The salary of 75% of Senior .NET Developers is nearly SEK 730,000. 25% of programmers earn below the average – their salary is approx. SEK 450,000 per year.
For comparison, in Poland the median salary in the same position is PLN 152,000. However, 90% of programmers are paid more, about PLN 230,000, while 10% of them earn below the average, approx. PLN per year. The specialists working in Warsaw, Wrocław, as well as Gdańsk and Kraków can count on the highest salary. The most frequently chosen form of cooperation is B2B (53.91%), followed by UoP (44.01%).
Senior .NET Developer, after a few years, may be promoted to the position of technical leader who is responsible for cooperation with other departments in an enterprise, substantive support of the development team in the creation and improvement of applications, as well as preparation of price offers for customers and maintaining relationships with them.
.NET Developer, .NET Engineer, .NET Consultant - similarities and differences
Job offers for .NET specialists are varied. In addition to .NET developer, a .NET consultant or a person who works in .NET engineering can also count on stable and attractive employment in an enterprise dealing with development of applications in the Microsoft programming environment and implementation of modern solutions. What are the similarities and differences between these positions? The Engineer is a person with a higher technical education who supervises the work of programmers during application development, setting specific requirements that the software must meet and taking care of the proper implementation of its modules in accordance with customer feedback.
Software .NET engineering work is to minimize software production time while maximize its quality. He/she focuses on the practical side, includes real problem-solving and implementation of solutions aimed at increasing the software’s effectiveness.
A software consultant, also known as a software implementation specialist, is a person with an IT or economic education who knows tools supporting business tests (financial, accounting and reporting), and also has some databases’ expertise. .NET consulting is therefore mainly based on adapting the IT system to the requirements and specificity of clients’ business processes, analyzing their needs, conducting tests and preparing extensive technical documentation.
Unlike .NET developer, an engineer, and consultant usually do not need to be skilled in creating high-quality coding skills. They should master soft skills based on interpersonal communication and analytical thinking. Nevertheless, knowledge of the Microsoft platform as well as current practices and methodologies related to object-oriented programming is a welcome feature.
Net Developers in Sweden - market specification
The job market in Sweden is extremely attractive for .NET developers, consultants, and engineers. IT specialists are among the best-paid employees in the country. According to data from PayScale, the median earnings for the .NET Developer position in Sweden, without considering particular work experience, is SEK 472,000. It is USD 54,000 or EUR 46,000.
Beginning programmers, that is people with less than 4 years of experience, earn a minimum of SEK 493,000 per year. Employees at the expert level, with more than 10 years of work experience, can have a salary of SEK 534,000. Thus, the latter constitutes the largest percentage of the respondents.
Sweden ranks 7th in the world and 5th in Europe for Software Developers. Specialists programming in Java Script are the best paid, the second and the third place goes respectively to Java and .NET. The most desirable employee benefits are those related to private medical care (68%), dental services (11%) and ophthalmology (5%). 93% of all .NET Developers are 93% men. Only 7% of programmers are women. The most popular environments are: C #, APS.NET Framework, .NET, and MVC (Model-View-Controller).
Many employers use various models of cooperation which are an alternative to a traditional employment contract – outsourcing, staffing, team leasing or manager services extended delivery team to name just a few. Thanks to this diversity, .NET Developer can carry out single assignments for many companies, while being full-time employed by the parent company.
Outsourcing is basically supporting the IT department in the implementation of a project using resources that the company does not have, e.g., by employing external programmers with various qualifications. This solution helps not only an employer by saving time related to recruitment, but also an employee to quickly and reliably earn additional money. Services that can be performed in this way include software production, application development or solving complex technical problems.
The most common job offers are those directed at Senior full-stack .NET Developer. and Software Engineers. Candidates who meet all the requirements will easily find work in companies operating in areas that are significant for the economy. The best employees, after a few years of internship, can be promoted, becoming technical leaders.
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